An anoxic brain injury occurs when the brain stops getting oxygen. It is an extremely serious condition that can lead severe disability, coma or even death.
Here are seven causes of anoxic brain injury:
When someone has a stroke, a portion of the brain doesn't receive enough blood, leading to the death of brain tissue due to a lack of oxygen. A stroke can be due to a blood clot (ischemic stroke) or a blood vessel rupture (hemorrhagic stroke).
2. CARDIAC ARREST
When the heart stops working properly, oxygen and other vital nutrients can no longer reach the brain.
3. LOW BLOOD PRESSURE
Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, doesn’t always put your health in jeopardy. But when the pressure drops very low, the amount of blood and oxygen to the brain is also compromised and can lead to an anoxic brain injury. Very low blood pressure can also lead to cardiac arrest.
4. NEAR DROWNING
When water fills the lungs, CPR is essential to rid the lungs of water to re-oxygenate the body. Without oxygen, cardiac arrest, anoxic brain damage, and even death may occur.
5. CARBON MONOXIDE POSIONING
Carbon monoxide is an odorless gas that starves the body of oxygen, prohibiting it from getting to your brain, lungs and other vital organs, cells and tissues. Having a carbon monoxide detector in your home can alert you when this gas is present at dangerous levels. When someone has suffered from carbon monoxide poisoning, they tend to feel dizzy or nauseous. They can even lose consciousness and die. To learn more, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website, here.
Someone who's choking cannot breathe in oxygen. If a choking victim doesn't get treated right away with the Heimlich maneuver, they could lose consciousness, suffer an anoxic brain injury, or even die.
7. DRUG OVERDOSE
A drug overdose occurs when a person ingests high amounts of drugs, whether prescribed or not, and stops breathing, which deprives the body of oxygen.
When oxygen is cut off, you can suffer from an anoxic brain injury, which can be mild to severe. If you or a loved one has suffered from this condition, consider undergoing treatments to begin the healing process.
Here's how to learn more about what an anoxic brain injury is.